The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System was created in 1913 to provide a stable monetary and financial system. They have a large collection of statistics and many closely follow the FOMC minutes of their meetings and reference the Beige Book. Data can be found on Federal Reserve sites as well as in FRED.
Data includes updated information regarding:
Other government sites have aggregate statistics such as FFIEC which provides uniform principles, standards, and report forms to the FED, FDIC, NCUA, and other government agencies related to financial institutions.